Festivals of India in the month of October
Nav Ratra Sthapana
Navratra is a festival of nine days in which 9 manifestations of goddess Durga are worshipped in the given order: Goddess Shailputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmandal, Skandmata, Katyayani, Kalratri, Mahagauri and Siddhatri. Shardiya Navratra is celebrated in the month of Ashwin and people worship the nine forms of the goddess by observing fasts and performing the rituals during this period.
The Holy Pot Establishment
Durga Puja begins with the ritual of establishing a Kalash (a big water pot). In 2012, the establishment ritual will begin on 16th October, Tuesday. In the morning of the pratipada tithi of Akshin paksha, the devotee determines to fast follow by building an altar of soil himself or by the priest and planting barley over it. Then the Kalash is established on the raised platform made of mud along with an idol of the goddess placed on it. Durga saptashti is recited after the establishment ritual while performing the puja. During the puja ceremony, lamp should be lighted day and night for the entire nine days. Some people establish the idol of Lord Ram and recite Ramayana during this period.In 2012, Navaratri is celebrated from October 16th to October 24th.