Wildlife of Orissa (2)
Chandaka Elephant Reserve
From a bushy cover that characterized the landscape before 1982, the diversity of flora today ranges from the semi evergreen, to the moist kangada forests, coastal sal forest, thorny bamboo brakes, planted teak and eupatorium scrub. There is a suffusion of medicinal plants and bamboo plants, with a few orchid species also thrive in the wet and shady areas of the reserve.
Among the fauna about 30 species of mammals, 27 species of reptiles and 120 species of birds can be sighted. Besides the elephant, leopard, chital, barking deer, mouse deer, langur, rhesus monkey, mongoose, sloth bear, wolf and hyena also inhabit the sanctuary. A variety of snakes, like the python, and the monitor lizard can also be sighted there. Mugger crocodiles have adapted to large water bodies within the sanctuary.
Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary
The tiger, leopard, sloth bear, chital, sambar, and nilgai inhabit this almost virgin forest. Besides, a host of resident and migratory birds such as the chousingha and the crested serpent eagle add colour to the landscape. The mugger crocodiles and freshwater turtles residing in large numbers add to the diversity of the reserve forest.
Enclosing the Kamgaon and Lakhanpur wild life ranges, Debrigarh is flanked by the Debrigarh, Jhagadabehera, Lambipalli and Mundakati villages.
Ushakothi Wildlife Sanctuary
Ushakothi wildlife sanctuary is sprawling in an area of 285 sq kms. It is located at a distance of 22 kms from the silk city of Sambalpur on NH6 connecting it with Kolkata. The majestic Hirakud Dam lies on the west of the Sanctuary. This small pristine wildlife reserve is home for many wild beasts and serves as abode for numerous flora and Avi fauna. Its wild wealth and natural beauty make it a splendid location for ecotourism, tourists from distant locations flock here to witness this great biodiversity called Ushakothi.
The Royal Bengal Tigers and the wild Asian elephants are the flagship beasts of this sanctuary. Apart from them it also serves as natural habitat for leopards, bisons, Sambars, Nilgais, Cheetals, sloth bears and Wolves. Panthers are sighted occasionally here.
Ushakothi is home for a wide variety of fauna. The most impressive amongst them are the flying squirrels and racket tail drangos.
The forest cover of Ushakothi is primarily Dry deciduous. Neem, Sal, Acacia, Sandalwood, Arjun, Casuarinas are the common trees of this sanctuary.Wardha and Penganga are the main rivers flowing through this sanctuary. On occasions the wild animals of Ushakothi venture into the nearby villages following the trail of these rivers. The wildlife of Ushakothi is primarily comprised of nocturnal. Many watch towers have been erected on the prominent spots to allow the tourists to have an aerial view on the life of these wilds.
Tikarpada Wildlife Sanctuary
Tikarpada wildlife sanctuary adds a new line of popularity in the land of wildlife sanctuaries in Odisha (Orissa). It is a beautiful place encloses the Satkoisa Gorge – a place where Mahanadi Plunges into Eastern Ghats. Visiting the amazing wildlife in Tikadpada Odisha (Orissa) is truly a memorable experience that is a home to a number of water-creatures, reptiles, wild animals and different birds. Tourist and wildlife tour enthusiasts come to Tikadpada wildlife Odisha (Orissa) India to enjoy boating, white water rafting, fish angling, trekking, and spending more and more time in lush green forest ranges. The Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre is actively conserving and breeding the endangered species of the crocodiles in the Mahanadi eco system in Tikarpada. Though tigers are rarely sighted now, the wildlife within the sanctuary includes the Indian adjutant stroke, red jungle fowl and Indian pitta.
Located at a convenient distance of 120 kms from Dhenkanal and 58 kms from Angul, tourists can proceed to Saptasajya, a scenic picnic spot. The Saptarshi and Raghunath temples in the vicinity are also frequented by tourists visiting the sanctuary.